Nusantara, Indonesia’s new capital city, has replaced Jakarta, which is sinking
The government said in a statement that Nusantara was chosen with Indonesia’s future in mind. The first phase of the move will take place between 2022 and 2024. The government centre will be relocated during the next decade, and the concept of a “World City for All” will be realized by 2045.
The Indonesian parliament has enacted legislation to rename Nusantara as the country’s capital. This is the biggest step forward for a notion that the country’s leaders have been playing with for years. The new state capital law, which establishes a legislative basis for President Joko Widodo’s $32 billion megaprojects, also specifies how the capital’s development will be funded and administered. After the bill was passed into law, Planning Minister Suharso Monoarfa informed parliament, “The new capital has a central function and is a symbol of the nation’s identity, as well as a new centre of economic gravity.”
Why is Indonesia’s capital being relocated from Jakarta?
Because of Jakarta’s vulnerability to flooding as a result of climate change, the strategy was devised. The suffocating metropolis is also plagued by persistent traffic and pollution. According to Monoarfa, the capital city’s relocation to Nusantara is based on a number of factors, including regional benefits and welfare, as well as a vision of the formation of a new economic centre of gravity in the middle of the archipelago. President Joko Widodo had planned to relocate the capital in 2019, however, the relocation was postponed owing to the coronavirus disease pandemic (Covid-19).
What is the rate of sinking in Jakarta?
According to the World Economic Forum, Jakarta sits on swampy territory near the sea, making it particularly vulnerable to flooding, and is one of the world’s fastest sinking cities (WEF). Due to the over-extraction of groundwater, it has been sinking at an alarming rate into the Java Sea. Jakarta is also one of the most densely populated cities on the planet. According to the United Nations, it is home to more than 10 million people, with an estimated 30 million in the broader metropolitan region.
Widodo has decided the name for the future city. It’s a Javanese phrase that roughly translates to “archipelago” in Indonesian. It’s in the Kalimantan jungle on Borneo’s island Borneo.
According to the National Planning and Development Agency, the new capital city’s overall land area will be roughly 256,143 hectares (2,561 square kilometers), with nearly all of it converted from forest land. The majority of Borneo, the world’s third-largest island, is owned by Indonesia, with Malaysia and Brunei each owning portions of the island’s northern section. The first phase of the move will take place between 2022 and 2024. Nusantara would follow in the footsteps of other countries’ new capitals, including Brazil and Myanmar. The government stated in a statement that it will enhance supply chains and put Indonesia “in a more important position in world trade routes, investment flows, and technological innovation.”
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