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ISRO: The Rising Star in Space Exploration Under The Leadership Of PM Modi

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) are two of the most respected space agencies in the world. Both agencies have made significant contributions to space exploration and have been instrumental in advancing our understanding of the universe. However, in recent years, ISRO is growing exceptionally faster than NASA under the guidance of PM Modi. In this article, we will examine and evaluate the reason behind this fact.

Firstly, ISRO has been able to achieve a great deal with limited resources, despite having a budget that is only a fraction of NASA's. Let us understand this by an example: the Hollywood movie Gravity’s budget was 644 crores (in Indian rupees) whereas ISRO’s Mars mission was 470 crores (in Indian rupees) back in 2014. Still, to date, ISRO has been able to carry out successful missions to the Moon, Mars, and beyond with a limited budget.

ISRO's Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) became the first Mars mission to be successfully launched on its first attempt. This was a significant achievement for India under the leadership of PM Narendra Modi, considering that the success rate for Mars missions is only around 50%. ISRO's MOM mission also cost just a tiny fraction of what NASA's Mars missions have cost, making it an impressive feat of engineering and budget management.

Not only this but another area where ISRO made its excellent mark is in satellite technology. India has become the world leader in remote sensing with accelerated speed from the year 2014. Remote sensing provides critical data on various sectors such as agriculture, weather, and natural disasters as well. Apart from this, the Indian Space Research Organisation is now launching satellites for other countries including the so-called superpower United States, France, Germany, Australia, Brazil, Canada and many more. The total number has reached 177 in just the previous five years of PM Narendra Modi's guidance and leadership.

ISRO also made a record by launching 104 satellites in a single mission, including 101 foreign satellites. This feat demonstrated ISRO's ability to handle complex missions and its competitiveness in the global space industry in a really cost-effective manner. Minister of Science and Technology, Jitendra Singh gave a written statement in Rajya Sabha that India has generated approximately 94 million USD and 46 million Euros in these five years by launching foreign satellites.

ISRO has also made significant strides in developing indigenous technologies. It has designed and built its own rockets for space missions, the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). ISRO has also developed its own cryogenic engine technology, which is used in its cost-effective and powerful GSLV rockets. These achievements have helped India become more self-reliant in the space sector and have reduced its dependence on other countries for critical technology.

With the space sector, India is making an exceptional remark in other fields such as the Defence sector as well. Under the governance of Prime Minister Narendra Modi India is now manufacturing its own weapons and defence equipment. As per the reports of the Ministry of Defence, India’s Defence export increased by six times in value since 2014 (from Rs. 1,941 crores in 2014–15 to Rs 11,607 crore by March 2022). India is also exporting weapons to over 80 nations and exports have risen 334% in the past five years.

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