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13th BRICS Summit: leaders adopt resolution, calling for peace in Afghanistan

BRICS Summit

Leaders of the five country, during the 13th BRICS summit held virtually on Thursday, talked about establishing peace in the war-torn country of Afghanistan.

Chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the 13th BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) summit, on Thursday emphasized countering terrorism. Taking into accounts, the recent developments in Afghanistan, the leaders of the five countries adopted a ‘New Delhi Declaration’ on the war-torn country, pledging to not indulge in any sort of violence and bringing peace to the nation.

The summit was virtually chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and had Vladimir Putin of Russia, Chinese President Xi Jinping, Jair Bolsanaro from Brazil, and South African President Cyril Ramaphosa as the participants.  “Afghan territory should not be used to carry out attacks against other countries as well as for drug trade. We emphasize the need to address the humanitarian situation and to uphold human rights, including those of minorities,” a BRICS declaration said.

The “New Delhi Declaration” adopted at the end of the summit also emphasized the need to address the humanitarian situation and to uphold human rights, including those of women, children and minorities. The declaration said they were “committed to combating terrorism… including cross-border movement of terrorists, and terrorism financing networks and safe havens”.

The summit of these 5 nations comes at the backdrop of the US’s decision to withdraw its troop from Afghanistan which led to a complete collapse of the government and a takeover by the terror outfit, Taliban. The BRICS brings together five of the largest developing countries of the world, representing 41 % of the global population, 24 % of the global GDP, and 16 % of the global trade.

All the leaders were given an opportunity to talk on the issue however the strongest word came from Russian President, Vladimir Putin. He said, “The withdrawal of the US forces and its allies from Afghanistan has led to a new crisis in Afghanistan, it is still unclear how this will affect global and regional security.” He further added, “It is for good reason that our countries have paid special attention to this issue.”

Meanwhile, PM Modi in his opening remarks said the BRICS platform has been useful for focussing attention on the priorities of the developing countries. “Today we are an influential voice for emerging economies of the world. This platform has also been useful for focussing attention on the priories of the developing nations as well,” he said.

This is the second time Prime Minister Narendra Modi has chaired the BRICS Summit. Earlier he had chaired the Goa Summit in 2016.

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