China blames foreign politics for Tiananmen Square massacre during Xi Jinping period
The ruling Communist Party of China (CPC) has slammed corruption, “money worship,” and extreme individualism in a rare statement updating and revising China’s history, adding that tougher party discipline is needed under President Xi Jinping. The resolution on the party’s “achievements and historical experiences” reiterates that “hostile anti-Communist elements” were to blame for the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre, in which an unknown number of Chinese civilians demanding political freedom were killed by the military forces.
President Xi’s position as one of China’s most powerful leaders has been confirmed by the release of the resolution and, separately, an explanation of the resolution by President Xi himself. The document’s release bolsters President Xi Jinping’s supremacy in the run-up to what is expected to be a record-breaking third term beginning late 2022 while enshrining his vision “Xi Jinping Thought” in China’s and CPC’s history.
On the Tiananmen massacre, the resolution said: “In the late spring and early summer of 1989, a severe political disturbance took place in China as a result of the international and domestic climates at the time, and was egged on by hostile anti-communist and anti-socialist forces abroad.”Corruption was singled out as a key issue.
“With the people’s backing, the party and the government took a clear stand against the turmoil, defending China’s socialist state power and safeguarding the fundamental interests of the people,” the resolution said.“The (CPC) central committee has stressed that corruption is the greatest threat to the party’s long-term governance. The fight against corruption is a major political struggle that the party cannot and must not lose. If we let a few hundred corrupt officials slip through the cracks, we would let down all 1.4 billion Chinese people,” the resolution said.
The resolution outlines China’s history from the late Qing empire’s “humiliations” to the present day, as well as promises for a future “great rejuvenation,” reiterating that the Communist party is the engine of progress. “In 1978, Deng started reforms that helped China change from a poor backwater to the world’s second-largest economy. After the Maoist excesses of the cultural revolution, his own resolution emphasized the significance of “collective leadership,” according to a Reuters report on the resolution.
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