With the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change inviting comments on the draft notification of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Dog Breeding and Marketing Rules), 2016, under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, India is all set to frame rules for breeding, sale and purchase of dogs.
India does not have such rules or guidelines at present, and once notified are expected to prevent cruelty to dogs as well and make registration of breeders and their establishments compulsory. Basic requirements by such breeders would also be laid down.
According to the government, dog breeding and their marketing trade has mushroomed all around making its regulation necessary. At times, some cruelty has been caused in breeding and marketing of dogs, with little or no accountability.
All dog breeders and dog breeding establishments will have to register themselves with the State Animal Welfare Board. The Rules will define breeding requirements/conditions for sale. It defines the requirements to be met by the breeders and the establishments used for breeding, or housing dogs, such as health-related requirements, housing facilities, manner of housing dogs, conditions for sale, breeding, micro-chipping, and vaccination.
An inspector authorised by the State Board can inspect the establishment. It will be mandatory for dog breeders to maintain proper records of both male and female dogs, their breed, micro-chip number, number of litters, sale, purchase, death, and rehabilitation.
Every dog breeder will be required to submit yearly report to the State Board regarding animals sold, traded, bartered, brokered, given away, boarded or exhibited during previous year or any other information asked for by the State Board.
Non-compliance of the proposed Rules will lead to cancellation of the registration of the dog breeder.”