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UP elections: SP ditches AJGAR strategy and counting on GAJAB equation


Chaudhary Charan Singh successfully implemented the AJGAR equation in the 1960s. However, the opponent Samajwadi Party will have to adjust its strategy this time because of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Uttar Pradesh’s electoral battlefield is known for caste arithmetic, and whoever masters it wins the state’s governorship. In the 1960s, Chaudhary Charan Singh demonstrated this by forming an anti-Congress front when the party was at its peak.

By effectively implementing AJGAR, he broke away from the Congress party and led the faction to victory, even becoming the chief minister (an alliance made of Ahir, Jat, Gurjar, and Rajput communities).


During that time, Congress was able to maintain power by focusing on Brahmins, Dalits, and Muslims. Chaudhary Charan Singh formed an alliance of non-Brahmin and non-Dalit communities to resist this.

They controlled a considerable portion of western Uttar Pradesh. The Ahirs (Yadav) are the only one of these four tribes who are scattered over many states.

This experiment lasted for around ten years in UP politics, but after Mandal politics, the Samajwadi Party (SP) was formed, Yadavs were split up, and the Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD) became a Jat party.

A substantial number of Rajputs remained loyal to Mulayam Singh Yadav, the founder of the SP. When RLD and SP were together in such a condition, it was suggested that an attempt would be made to recreate the AJGAR equation. This time, similar suspicions were made about the SP-RLD collaboration, but they turned out to be false.

The reason for this is that the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is currently in power, and the chief minister, Yogi Adityanath, is a Rajput himself.

The Rajput community is completely visible in the BJP party due to his charisma. In this context, SP and RLD have begun to focus on the GAJAB equation rather than the AJGAR equation.

Gurjars, Ahirs (Yadavs), Jats, and Brahmins make up the GAJAB alliance. The SP hopes to offset the predicted loss of Rajput votes by gaining Brahmin support. This is why it organized Prabuddh Sammelan throughout the state and assisted with ticket distribution.

In Purvanchal, where Brahmin vs. Rajput is thought to be the dominating political subject, the coalition partners are placing a special emphasis on Brahmins. When the most backward castes and Muslims are factored in, the Samajwadi Party appears to be aiming for a broad voter base.

It is apparent from Akhilesh Yadav’s plan that he is executing GAJAB, whether it is with Harishankar Tiwari’s family or by giving attention to MLA Manoj Pandey’s campaigning from the Unchahar seat of Rae Bareli.

The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) focuses on Brahmins, although its emphasis is on the BDM equation, which includes Brahmins, Dalits, and Muslims. Congress used to do these politics in many states of North India including Uttar Pradesh.

Continue Reading on The India Saga

By TIS Staffer
the authorBy TIS Staffer

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