New research by The George Institute for Global Health has revealed high and unnecessary amount of salt in instant noodles sold around the world. As many as 765 noodle brands collected from 10 countries between 2012 and 2016 showed huge variations in the amount of salt in instant noodles both, within and between countries; with some noodle products containing 30 times more salt than others.
Noodles in China contained the most salt with an average packet (98g) containing 95 per cent of the daily recommend maximum intake (5g salt/day) . India came in at ninth, but almost 70 per cent of its instant noodles failed to have salt listed on the nutritional information panel.
Australia has the second highest salty instant noodles of the 10 countries studied, followed by Indonesia, Fiji, Samoa, UK, Costa Rica, South Africa and New Zealand at the bottom.
The saltiest packet of noodles was found in Indonesia which contained (19gms salt/100 gms), and almost 6 times saltier than the Pacific Ocean itself. The average packet of instant noodles in Australia contains more than 80% of daily recommended maximum and more salt than eight packets of Smithâ€™s ready salted crisps.
Clare Farrand, Public Health Nutritionist at The George Institute for Global Health, said the findings were especially shocking given that 270 million servings of noodles are consumed worldwide every day: â€œWe have found that itâ€™s almost impossible for people in India to know how much salt they are eating. We know that instant noodles are high in salt from what we have seen in other countries but this is being hidden from Indian consumers.
â€œEating too much salt is estimated to cause about 1.65 million deaths a year globally. It puts us at great risk of developing high blood pressure, increasing the risk of stroke, heart disease and heart attacksâ€™â€™, he said.
Clare Farrand added: â€œThere is a huge amount of salt in a serving of noodles, but what is more worrying is that in reality people tend to eat the entire packet of noodles, rather than just the recommended serving size, eating even more salt than what is advertised.â€
The research further highlights how inconsistent and confusing nutrition labels are worldwide with some companies labelling salt per serving, some salt per 100grams as prepared and some salt per 100grams as sold – making it almost impossible to compare.
Clare Farrand said: â€œInformation on pack can be incredibly misleading. There is not a standard serve size, pack sizes differ and the amount of water manufacturers are recommending to add varies considerably.
â€œNutrition information should be given a clear and consistent way to enable people to make healthier choices and manufacturers should reduce salt levels in noodles to below agreed targets.â€
To help people make healthier packaged food choices and stay healthy The George Institute for Global Health developed â€˜FoodSwitchâ€™ â€“ an innovative mobile health app, which gives instant easy to understand nutrition information for packaged food products, and suggests healthier alternatives. The app is available in the UK, India, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa can be used to help consumer to make healthier choices.
The George Institute has recommended that consumers should check the label where possible or use FoodSwitch to choose the lower salt options, limit intake to an occasional meal or side dish, ditch the flavour sachet which contains most of the salt and add your own herbs and spices or use only a portion of the flavour sachet to reduce your salt intake. Also, noodles can be drained before eating, to reduce salt. Or some vegetables added which will cook with the steam in the noodles.
The George Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Population Salt Reduction (WHOCC SALT) at the George Institute for Global Health in Sydney, in collaboration with the Global Food Monitoring Group, has a program of work to monitor the global food supply with a view to monitor changes and identify opportunities to reformulate as a means to reduce population level salt consumption, and support countries to develop reformulation targets as part of their national salt reduction initiatives.