The Modi government has announced setting up of a National Nutrition Mission (NNM) to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and bring down low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.
Although the target to reduce stunting is at least 2% annually, the Mission would strive to achieve reduction in stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022. The decision to set up the Mission was taken at a meeting of the Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
The Mission will be rolled out with a three year budget of Rs.9046.17 crore commencing from 2017-18. Implementation uld be based on intense monitoring and Convergence Action Plan right up to the grass root level. NNM will be rolled out in three phases from 2017-18 to 2019-20. The National Nutrition Mission, as an apex body, will monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition related interventions across the Ministries.
The broad proposal includes mapping of various schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition, introducing a robust convergence mechanism, ICT based Real Time Monitoring system and incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets.
Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) would be incentivized for using IT based tools and introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs). Social audits and setting-up Nutrition Resource Centres as well as involving masses through Jan Andolans for their participation on nutrition through various activities are other highlights of the Mission. More than 10 crore people will be benefitted by this programme. All the States and districts will be covered in a phased manner, beginning with 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20. An amount of Rs. 9046.17 crore will be expended for three years commencing from 2017-18. The government budgetary support would be 60:40 between Centre and States/UTs, 90:10 for NER and Himalayan States and 100% for UTs without legislature. Total Central share over a period of three years would be Rs. 2849.54 crore. There are a number of schemes directly/indirectly affecting the nutritional status of children (0-6 years) and pregnant women and lactating mothers. In spite of these, level of malnutrition and related problems in the country is high. There is no dearth of schemes but lack of creating synergy and linking the schemes with each other to achieve common goal. NNM through robust convergence mechanism and other components would strive to create the synergy.