On April 6th, 1980, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was formed with the aim of promoting the principles of Hindu Nationalism and Cultural Conservatism. However, it was not until the emergence of Narendra Modi as its leader that the BJP became a dominant political force in India. Modi, who served as the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014, was known for his ability to deliver economic growth and development in the state. He was also seen as a strong and decisive leader who was willing to take bold and controversial decisions.
In 2014, Modi was elected as the Prime Minister of India, and the BJP witnessed a historic landslide victory by winning 282 seats in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament. This was a significant increase from the 116 seats the party had won in the previous election. Also, Amit Shah, one of the closest confidants of PM Modi, is widely credited for playing a key role as the party’s national president from 2014 to 2019 and is currently serving as the Home Minister of India while contributing to the growth of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
The rise of the BJP under Modi’s leadership can be attributed to several factors. First, he was able to connect with the aspirations of the Indian middle class, who were looking for a leader who could deliver economic growth and development. He promised to create jobs, improve infrastructure, and make India a global economic power. Second, Prime Minister Modi and Home Minister Amit Shah tapped into the growing sense of Hindu nationalism in India. They presented themselves as influential leaders who could protect the interests of Hindus in India. Amit Shah successfully implemented the party’s political agenda. Shah has been a key strategist behind the BJP’s efforts to promote the concept of Hindu nationalism.
He led the party’s campaigns on issues such as the construction of a Ram Mandir in Ayodhya, the revocation of Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir, and the implementation of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam. Also, Modi was able to build a strong organisational structure within the BJP. He invested heavily in building a strong grassroots network of party workers, which helped the BJP to win elections at the local and state level.
Modi was also able to leverage social media to connect with the youth and the urban middle class. He was one of the first politicians in India to use social media effectively and was able to build a large following on platforms such as Twitter and Facebook. He gained immense popularity in India as well as in other countries also. Prime Minister Modi was honoured with the ‘Order of Zayed’, which is the highest civilian award in UAE. In addition to that, he has been awarded the ‘State Order of Ghazi Amir Amanullah Khan” the highest civilian honour in Afghanistan. Owing to this he has been honoured with the highest civilian award in Russia and many more.
Under Modi and Shah’s leadership, the BJP has continued to grow and expand its influence. In the 2019 general elections, the party won an even bigger mandate, winning 303 seats in the Lok Sabha. This was a significant achievement, as no political party had won a majority of seats in two consecutive elections since the 1970s. Bharatiya Janata Party almost swept the opposition in the majority of the states. BJP truely has emerged as a patriot party of India under the guidance of both PM Modi and Amit Shah.